The operating principle of the balance scooter is mainly based on a basic principle called "dynamic stability", that is, the vehicle's own automatic balance ability. The built-in precision solid-state gyroscope is used to determine the posture of the vehicle body. After a precise and high-speed central microprocessor calculates an appropriate command, the motor is driven to achieve a balanced effect.
The balance of the electric unicycle balancing car mainly depends on the gyroscope and the driving circuit. Using the gyroscope (including the acceleration sensor and the angular velocity sensor), the motor starts, the body can be started leaning forward to start the balance car, and the speed is determined by the inclination of the body. To control, acceleration will lean forward, slow down will lean backward.
The gyroscope is the core component of a balancing vehicle. The principle is: “The direction of the axis of rotation of a rotating object is not changed when it is not affected by external forces.” This principle is also used to ride a bicycle. The faster you turn, the less likely you are to fall, because the axle has a level of strength. This is the principle that a unicycle balancing car will not fall.
Compared with a unicycle balancing vehicle, the two-wheel balancing vehicle has one more wheel and a steering lever, which is relatively easy to operate. The steering lever is used to control the direction of the body during operation.
And its built-in module is also not much different from the unicycle, control module, gyro module and motor. The two-wheeled self-balanced control system is a two-wheeled parallel arrangement. It is powered by a motor. Two wheels replace our feet and the joystick controls the direction.
By sensing the changes in the body's center of gravity to adjust the direction, the body advances forward, backwards and backwards, standing still, this is the so-called "dynamic balance" principle. In fact, the overall feeling is a bit like the tumbling game we played. The faster we go forward, the faster the car will be, and the balance will be just right.
Of course, some of the interiors of the balance scooter are not only those mentioned above, but they have a whole set of intelligent operating systems to work with, which makes us more safe in driving. In theory, as long as the power is turned on and sufficient electric power is maintained, the balance car is still safe and the probability of falling is low.